In spondylolisthesis, one vertebral body slides forward relative to its neighbor to the south. There can be several different causes of this. The two most common types of spondylolisthesis are isthmic spondylolisthesis and degenerative spondylolisthesis.
Here are some of the major differences:
- Originally occurs in a young person (age 5 through adolescence)
- Due to a stress fracture of part of the vertebra known as the “isthmus” or “pars interarticularis”
- Oftentimes is asymptomatic, though over time the condition can progress and cause pain, movement limitation, or neurological compromise.
- Most common at the L5-S1 level
- Occurs in a person over 60
- Due to long term degeneration of the spinal joints
- Can be asymptomatic, but it can cause pain and other symptoms. May be hard to tell if the symptoms are from the spondylolisthesis itself or are due to the general degeneration of the spinal joints
- Most common at L3-L4 or L4-L5.